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PERF 5401 (Grist): Scope Review

This must conduct a Scoping Review. You will find information about Scoping Reviews in the guide.

Scope Review Defined

Exploratory research question aimed at mapping key concepts, types of evidence, or gaps in research relating to defined area of the field.  Colquhoun 2014

  • Scoping reviews serve to synthesize evidence and assess the scope of literature on a topicPRISMA 
  • Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. -  Annals of internal medicine, 169 (7), 467-4

Abbreviation Key: SR -Systematic Review. ScR - Scope Review

Resources on the Scope Review Process

The JBI manual tells you what you should include in the final report, by looking at these requirements it also tells you how to conduct a Scope Review.  

"Specifically, guidance is provided on the following components: outline of the review, inclusion criteria (i.e. PCC), search strategy, extraction, presenting and summarizing the results, and any potential implications of the findings for research and practice." - JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis 11.3



JBI recommends using the PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR) check-list. 

PRISMA is the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses.  PRISMA aims to help authors improve the reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. To this end, they've created a checklist for conducting and writing systematic reviews and a flow chart showing how to run and report the screening process. In 2018 PRISMA created an extension to PRISMA for scoping reviews.   

Scope Review Example

6 Steps of a Scope Review

  • Create an exploratory question using the PCC model
  • Establish Inclusion/exclusion criteria 

Then, per your protocol:

step 3. Screening
step 4. Charting Data
step 5. Risk and Bias Appraisal
step 6. Data Synthesis 
  • Use the PRISMA-ScR check list to make sure you included everything.  

These 6 steps are inspired by the JBI's manual on how to construct a scope review. 

Scope Review Process Example