Sexual Orientation (Physical)
- Gay: man that experiences attraction towards another man; also used as a “catch all” term for LGBTQ people.
- Lesbian: woman that experiences attraction towards another woman.
- Bisexual: experiences attraction to both men and women.
- Pansexual: experiences attraction regardless of gender.
- Asexual: experiences no sexual attraction to any gender.
Romantic Orientation (Emotional)
- Aromantic: experiences no romantic attraction.
- Biromantic: experiences romantic attraction towards both men and women.
- Heteroromantic: experiences romantic attraction towards the opposite gender.
- Homoromantic: experiences romantic attraction towards the same gender.
- Panromantic: experiences romantic attraction regardless of gender.
Biological sex and gender identity are not the same thing!
- Intersex: someone whose combination of chromosomes, gonads, hormones, internal sex organs, and genitals differs from the two expected patterns of male or female. Formerly known as hermaphrodite (or hermaphroditic), but these terms are now considered outdated and derogatory.
American Psychological Association. Definition of terms: Sex, Gender, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. 2011. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-definitions.pdf
Cisgender: gender identity and biological sex assigned at birth align; e.g., man and male-assigned (sometimes shortened to “cis”).
Transgender: umbrella term for people whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from the sex they were assigned at birth.
Genderqueer/Genderfluid: catch-all term for gender identities other than man and woman, thus outside of the gender binary and cisnormativity (sometimes referred to as non-binary).
Heteronormativity: the assumption in society at large that all people are cis and straight. This mindset contributes towards microaggression and erasure of non-cis, non-straight identities, often making it difficult for LGBTQ individuals to be authentically themselves.
Queer: a catch-all term for members of the LGBTQ community. Formerly considered derogatory, it is gradually being reframed and reclaimed by LGBTQ people as a non-derogatory term. Generally, don’t use unless an individual uses it for themselves first.